As we know that we are living in the age in which the technology is moving rapidly. everything is getting advanced, we are creating new fields and wrapping up the existing and old models and process.
As we are moving on technology advancement in various sectors, here are some opportunities that are emerging in the healthcare and pharmaceutical sector also. The technological advancement in pharmaceuticals is bringing hope to the patients. We are improving healthcare through the use of innovative digital technologies.
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So, in the following section let's have a glimpse at some of the great technological advancement in the pharmaceutical industry.
1. Precision medicine:-
It is an approach that merges clinical and molecular information to understand the biological basis of disease. This information can be obtained by transforming DNA into data. The process of converting DNA into data is called genome sequencing. Later on, this information is used by the researchers to identify the specific gene abnormalities, or biomarkers to understand the effectiveness of drugs on a different type of patients.
2. mHealth sensors:-
Pharma research institutes are doing research on developing the healthcare with the use of smartphones. Smartphones with advanced sensors and powerful processors can take measurements, track movement and record information are being used by the researchers to improve healthcare. Apple has several mHealth apps for clinical research on iPhones. The apps are targetting the diseases such as diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular disease and breast cancer.
3. 3D printing:-
3D printing builds the pill by spreading layers of the drug on the top of one another until it reaches to the right dose. It allows the pill to deliver a higher dose of medicine up to 1000 mg. It is porous enough to dissolve quickly. It is beneficial for patients who have difficulty swallowing their medication.
It is the microscopic technology that ranges on the scale of between 1 to 100 nanometers. Nanoparticles can easily travel around the human body in the bloodstream. The nanoparticles help in the delivery of anti-cancer drugs and to reduce toxicity. Nanotechnology can track patients take their medication to encourage increased adherence.
The medical research institutes are also researching the potential use of microscopic robots. These robots are known as nanobots. Nanobots are made up of two different words i.e. nanotechnology and robots. It can be consumed by the patient in form of pills or injections.
6. Synthetic 3-D tumors:-
the synthetic 3D tumors provide a better look at how tumors behave and a more accurate measure of how they respond to treatment. Synthetic 3D tumors can help the researchers to study the development, metastasis, invasion, and treatment of cancer cells from patients. They can also use this model to test the safety and efficacy of new cancer treatment therapies and drugs.
Researchers have developed a chip that is capable of simulating a tumor’s microenvironment and plan to use the new system to test the effectiveness of nanoparticles and drugs that target cancer.
8. Advanced instrumentation:-
It is another important aspect that brings the advancement in the pharmaceutical industry. Nowadays, pharmaceutical research centers are introducing new and advanced instruments which help in healthcare and fine treatment for various diseases.
A recent study reveals that the researchers will involve the use of informatics to drive the development of therapies to bring value to the healthcare system and patients at low cost. The social media programs become one of these technology drivers. In this Patients will connect online to share their experiences with different diseases.
10. Medication Therapy Management:-
The MTM services include drug use review, drug dose adjustment, comprehensive medication reviews, order and review lab tests, immunizations etc. The medication therapy management will enhance medication use and patient outcomes in patients suffering from chronic diseases. It will cut the cost and improve the quality of care and patient safety.
11. Localized drug delivery:-
A pharmaceutical research institute has developed two drug delivery technologies i.e. microcapsules and nanocoating for delivering the drug.
The microcapsule technology involves the use of microcapsules that can be injected or delivered in a fine mist spray directly to the site of injury.
In nanocoating technology, a nanocoating of interleukin-12 is directly applied to pain pumps, pacemakers, artificial limbs and other biomedical devices.
12. Utilization of supercomputers to make complex decisions:-
Taking medical decisions with the help of artificial intelligence using the power of supercomputers will restructure everyday medicine. IBM Watson has been used in different ways to analyze huge data, not only in research but also in biotechnology. A machine can analyze the data with greater speed and accuracy than a human being.
13. Drug experimentation on simulation models:-
Earlier the drug experimentation is done on animals or human beings but now the research institutes are doing research on simulation model drug testing. Drugs will be tested on simulating models physiology of the human body with the use of supercomputers. By using simulating model drug testing no one would get hurt in the drug testing process.
14. Cell-free fetal DNA testing:-
Pregnant women need fetus testing to identify chromosomal defects like down syndrome and Edwards syndrome. This test has a risk of miscarriage and it increases the stress of pregnant women. The test requires the collection of cell that is quite harmful to the unborn baby. But with the advanced technology in the pharmaceutical industry, this test can be done by using the mother's blood. It is a cell-free fetal DNA test. It is not harmful to the baby and the mother as well.
15. Robotic surgery:-
This is another important advancement in the pharmaceutical sector. It is set to grow in the upcoming years. Using this technology, surgeons can perform complex and delicate surgery procedures that are difficult using other methods.
16. Wireless brain sensors:-
The advancement in technology allows the doctors and scientists to create bioresorbable electronics that can be placed in the brain and they can easily dissolve when they are not required. This device will helps doctors to measure pressure and temperature within the brain. Since the sensors are able to dissolve there is no need for additional surgery.
Hence, the technological advancement in pharmaceutical helps in increasing the life of people. It brings hope to the patients to live more. It helps in curing very complex diseases such as cancer, tumors etc. with less pain and harm.
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