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Waa maxay IoT?

Internet ee wax (IoT) Waxaan u maleynay oo kaliya xayawaankeena inuu nala hadlayo laakiin waligaa ma ku qiyaastay gurigaaga inuu kula hadlayo adiga ama gaarigaaga, albaabka la hadlaya furayaasha iftiinka! Internetku wuxuu suurtogeliyey suurtogalnimada isku xidhka ku dhawaad ​​wax kasta oo nagu xeeran. Qaboojiyaha, mashiinka dharka lagu dhaqo, microwave -ka iyo xitaa dheriyada, hadda waxba ma taabto dunida dhijitaalka ah.

    Muhiimadda IoT qaybaha kala duwan?

    We have only imagined our pets talking to us but have you ever imagined your house talking to you or your car, door talking to the light switches! The Internet has made this possible connecting almost everything present around us. The refrigerator, washing machine, microwave and even your pots, now nothing is untouched by the digital world.  Everyday things having their own IP addresses will soon be the reality. This communication of things has become the latest vision of technology claiming to improve our lives. Yet, we are at the prelim stages of IoT. IoT will open up new streams of revenue, ganacsi models, and insights in technology. At larger scale it would be useful to both private users giving them a higher quality of life, comfort, security and to the corporate it would help in reducing the cost, gained efficiency and better control over their businesses. IoT is going to bring a wave of new categories to the markets. New forms of wireless connections and protocols, new ganacsi models with reduced costs of ownership, and hassle-free UI/UX to mention few. Various technologies such as Wi-Max, Bluetooth, Wifi, Low Power Wi-Fi, LTE, regular Ethernet and the very latest Li-Fi, are already being used to link various parts of IoT to sensors but this year would see Sigfox, LoRaWAN and 3GPP’s narrowband (NB) being tested. Companies, on the other hand, would get major benefits with IoT. Remote work, inventory tracking, and management, efficiency and productivity, speed and accessibility, are few realms where the technology would work wonders..

    Qalabka guriga ee caqliga leh ayaa u oggolaanaya milkiilayaashu inay xakameeyaan oo ay la socdaan tiro balaadhan oo toosan sida korjoogteynta guriga oo la hagaajiyay, xakamaynta gelitaanka, amniga, iyo hufnaanta tamarta. Noocyo badan ayaa ku jira guryaha caqliga leh waxay iska kaashanayaan aalado kala duwan si ay uga dhigaan kuwo xariif ah, waxtar leh oo sugan. Aalado badan sida Eskesso, Samsung qaboojiyaha smart iyo Genican ayaa siyaabo wanaagsan oo macquul ah ugu daraya nolosha qof walba. Amazon Echo waa aalad kale oo caqli badan oo u shaqeysa sidii CPU dhammaan aaladaha gurigaaga. Qalab kale oo caan ah oo ah Thermostat Learning, oo ay soo saartay Nest, ayaa si otomaatig ah u hagaajisa heerkulka guriga iyada oo loo marayo dareemayaal gundhig ah. Qalabkan ayaa hadda xoogaa qaali ah, sababtoo ah kharashyada horumarinta iyo iibka oo aad u hooseeya. Laakiin marka hore loo sii socdo, sicirrada ayaa la filayaa inay hoos u dhacaan taasoo ka dhigaysa kuwo la awoodi karo macaamilka caadiga ah. Dhawaan waxaan sidoo kale arki karnaa kaaliyayaal shaqsiyeed iyo robots oo dhex socda guryaheena tanina waa qayb yar oo IoT ay u socoto. Xitaa gudaha daryeelka caafimaadka warshadaha, IoT ayaa calaamad ka dhigaysa. Fikradda 'sariiraha caqliga leh' ayaa laga hirgelinayaa dhowr isbitaal oo ogaan kara dhaqdhaqaaqa bukaanka isla markaana hagaajin kara dhererka si aan loogu baahnayn kalkaaliyeyaal ama faragelin bini'aadan. Waxa kale oo jira soo -saareyaasha dawooyinka guriga oo soo socda kuwaas oo raadraaca haddii daawada la qaato waqtigeeda ama aan la helin iyada oo la kaashanayo xogta lagu kaydiyey daruurta. Raad-raacayaasha macluumaadka caafimaadka ee ka caawinaya is-dhexgalka bukaanka-dhakhtarka ayaa sidoo kale u furaya waddooyin loogu talagalay aaladaha caqliga leh si ay u keenaan natiijooyin aad u wanaagsan xagga berrinka daryeelka caafimaadka. Iyada oo tiknoolijigu bilaabay in meel walba laga hirgeliyo, waxay keenaysaa natiijooyin aad u weyn iyadoo yarayneysa kharashaadka, natiijooyinka daawaynta oo la hagaajiyay, waayo -aragnimada bukaanka oo la xoojiyay, khaladaad yaraaday, maareynta daawooyinka oo la wanaajiyay iyo maaraynta cudurrada oo la hagaajiyay.

    Marka laga reebo IoT oo la isticmaalayo guryaha caqliga leh, caqli badan nidaamka ammaanka ama qalabka tamarta ee bixiya raaxada iyo fayoobaanta shakhsi ahaaneed, waxay u gudubtay inay ka dhigto magaalooyinka kuwo caqli badan. Iyada oo ujeedadu tahay isku xirka sirdoonka iyo macluumaadka aaladaha, shirkado kala duwan ayaa ka shaqeynaya sidii loo dhisi lahaa shabakad isku xiran oo isku xiran. Isku-dhafka ah ee Analytics, xogta weyn, iyo isku xidhka meel walba ka jira ayaa keenaya awoodo cusub oo aad u weyn sida in la xakameeyo oo la maareeyo aaladaha, awoodda lagula socdo meel fog iyo in la dhiso fikrado laga helo xog badan. Sidaa darteed IoT waxay si firfircoon u beddeshaa kaabayaasha guud ee magaalooyinka iyadoo yaraynaysa ciriiriga taraafikada, wanaajinta gaadiidka dadweynaha, abuurista adeegyo tayo leh oo waxtar leh oo degmada ah iyo ilaalinta dadka ku hawlan oo ammaan ah. IoT waxay isku xireysaa dhowr qalab oo casri ah maalin kasta, sanadaha soo socdana, waxaan ku hareerayn doonnaa ilaa 24 bilyan. Aaladda IoT. Hadda taasi waa war weyn! Marka laga reebo guryaha caqliga leh, nidaamyada keydinta tamarta ee caqliga leh, aaladaha caqliga leh ayaa sidoo kale dadka ka caawiya inay la socdaan caafimaadkooda iyaga oo leh dib-u-celinno dawo oo dhammaystiran. Baabuurta isku xiran waxay isku xiraan infra ee magaalooyinka caqliga badan si ay u bedelaan qaababkii caadiga ahaa ee darawaliintu hore u raaceen. Laakiin faa'iidooyinkan ayaa waliba keena khataraha. 

      Amniga IoT

      Baarayaasha MIT iyo Michigan waxay heleen dulduleelo aad u fara badan oo ka mid ah aaladaha casriga ah ee casriga ah kuwaas oo siin kara haakarisku meelo badan oo laga soo galo si ay amniga u jabiyaan. Sidaa darteed shirkado badan ayaa amniga gelinaya wax soo saarkooda sida ugu muhiimsan. Ka dib weerarkii uu sababay Mirai botnet dabayaaqadii sanadkii hore, waxay u ahayd baraarujin qof walba waxaana loo baahan yahay dadaal dheeri ah mustaqbalka si looga ilaaliyo burcadda internetka. In yar oo ka mid ah walaaca amniga ee aan halkan ku ogaan karno ayaa ah:

      Macluumaad dheeri ah - xog aad u badan ayaa lagu darayaa ilbidhiqsi kasta Aaladda IoT tanina waxay hubaal u abuuri doontaa dhibcaha gelitaanka jabsadayaasha internetka

      Dhexgalka xogta aan laqarin - aaladahaan iskuxiran waa la jabin karaa si ay udhawaan u weeraraan guriga ama xafiiska qofka. Xitaa mitirka guriga caqliga leh ayaa loo isticmaali karaa in lagu dabagalo dhaqdhaqaaqyadaaga maalinlaha ah sida ay cadeeyeen saynisyahannada Jarmalka

      Kalsoonida shacabka - Sannadkii 2015, Maamulka Xakamaynta ee Smart Home wuxuu ogaaday in dadku aad uga walaacsan yihiin xogtooda in la xado guryaha caqliga leh. Tani waxay noqon kartaa hal sabab oo muhiim u ah in macaamiishu aysan si fudud ugu beddelin IoT. The Internet of Waxyaabaha waa heerka xiga ee qalabaynta iyo soo bixitaanka teknolojiyad cusub ayaa hubaal ahaan hagaajin doonta dhinacyo badan oo nolosheenna ah hadday tahay shaqada ama guriga. Sannadkan waxay arki doontaa IoT oo ku koraysa wershado tirilyan oo doolar oo keliya ah haddii la fiiriyo welwelka amniga iyo asturnaanta.

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