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Zvikamu uye Models Ese Software Kuvandudza HupenyuCycle

Zvikamu uye Models Ese Software Kuvandudza HupenyuCycle

Iyo SDL uye Waterfall modhi dzinotevera zvakafanana 7 lifecycle zvikamu zve Software budiriro: kuronga, zvinodiwa, patani, kushandiswa, kuedza, kutumira uye kugadzirisa. Software nzira dzekusimudzira dzakadai semapopoma anozivikanwa uye nzira dzesrum dzinotevera zvikamu zve Software lifecycle yekushandiswa, asi nzira yekuzviita inosiyana zvichienderana nemaitiro. Hupenyu hahupere rinhi Software inotariswa, inochengetwa uye inovandudzwa zvichienderana nekuchinja bhizimisi zvinodiwa uye zvinodiwa nekufamba kwenguva.

Mumapopoma, iyo yose Software nzira yekusimudzira yakakamurwa kuita zvikamu zvakasiyana zveSDLC. Nerudzi urwu rweSDLC modhi, iyo yekuyedza uye nhanho yekusimudzira inorongwa zvakafanana. Iwo mazinga ichikamu chemazinga mune yazvino SDLC modhi, uye zviitiko zvekuyedza zvakabatanidzwa mumatanho ese eiyo SDLC modhi.

Developers gadzira uye bvunzo kodhi zvichibva pane zvakatemwa kubva ku patani phase. Pakupera kwechikamu ichi, shanduro itsva dze Software purojekiti ichagadzirwa kugadzirisa zvingangoita bugs uye inobvumira Developers kuvandudza chigadzirwa chekupedzisira kumusika kukura. Pamberi pe Software inoburitswa, vatengi vanotarisa chigadzirwa kuti vaone kuti chinosangana nezvinodiwa zveprojekiti.

Sezvo maitiro eSDLC asingatenderi shanduko kuti iitwe, timu yekuvandudza inoenda kune chinhanho chinotevera mushure mekunge chepfuura chapera. Izvi zvinoreva kuti mhedzisiro imwe chete ye Software agile sprint inoguma mune inoshanda chigadzirwa.

Software inotanga sepfungwa uye inopfuura nepakati pezvikamu: kusunungurwa, kusimudzira uye kutumira. Kubudirira kwe Software inopinda nemuzvikamu zvekuyedzwa, kutumira uye kushandiswa.

The patani phase inotsanangura kushanda kwe Software application. Muchikamu chino chebasa chikwata chinogadzira Software patani zvisarudzo pamusoro pezvivakwa uye inoshandura iyo Software mukugadzirisa. Ichi chikamu chinosanganisira kugadzirwa kwe patani zvinyorwa, nhungamiro yehurongwa, nhaurirano yezvishandiso, maitiro, nguva dzekumhanya, uye hurongwa hwekubatsira timu kusangana ne Software zvinodiwa, zvakatemwa uye zvinangwa zvinotsanangurwa muchikamu chebasa.

Iyo SDLC inotanga nezvinodiwa zvekuongorora chikamu, umo maneja weprojekiti anosarudza iyo Software zvinodiwa. Munguva iyi, timu yeSDLC inoona mutengo uye zviwanikwa zvinodiwa kuita uye kuongorora zvinodiwa. Kana zvinodikanwa zvanzwisiswa, the Software mugadziri uye Developers tanga ku patani ari Software.

Panguva ino, iyo mapopoma inoda zvinyorwa zvakawandisa kuitira kuti inyore matanho anotevera. Iyo chigadzirwa chinobudirira nzira inoonekwa nechikamu chekuyedza padanho rega rekutenderera. Inotumidzwawo semuenzaniso wekutarisa, kuongororwa mu chigadzirwa chinobudirira chikamu uye kusimbiswa uye kuongororwa kwezvinodiwa nevatengi panguva ye Software chikamu chebudiriro.

Iyi nzira ine 9 dzakasiyana SDLC zvikamu: Zvinodiwa Analysis, System patani, Architecture patani, Module patani, kunyora, Muedzo Weyuniti, Muedzo Wekubatanidza, Muedzo WeSystem uye Muedzo Wekugamuchira. Zvikamu zvinomwe zveSDLC zvinokamura maitiro ekusimudzira kuita mabasa uye matanho anofanirwa kuitwa kuvandudza timu yeIT. Matanho anoshandiswa kugadzira Software application yakakamurwa kuita budiriro uye mabasa akapihwa kune zviyero.

Iyo system development life cycle (SDLC) haisi nzira, asi tsananguro yezvikamu zve Software application life cycle. Inopa kutevedzana kwakarongeka kwezvikamu zvekubatsira masangano kugadzira zvemhando yepamusoro Software iyo yakaedzwa uye yakagadzirira kugadzirwa. Tichifunga nezvezvikamu zvitanhatu zvakanangana, zvakakosha kuti tinzwisise kuti chikamu chimwe nechimwe chinosanganisirei uye nei chakakosha mukusimudzira Software mubvunzo wose.

Software engineering uye ruzivo masisitimu einjiniya Software Development life cycle (SDLC) inoreva kutenderera kwehupenyu hwe kuvandudza kwesarudzo maitiro, maitiro ekuronga, kugadzira, kuyedza uye kuendesa masisitimu eruzivo. SDLC inotarisira kuburitsa yepamusoro-soro masisitimu ayo anodarika zvinotarisirwa nevatengi kana kusangana kana kudarika zvinotarisirwa nevatengi uye kushanda nezvazvino uye zvakarongwa IT zvivakwa ndiko kuchengetedza uye kudhura-zvinobudirira uye kunokwanisa kuvandudza mutengo-unoshanda. Relevant mutengo wekugadzira app inogona kuverengerwa nenyanzvi dzebudiriro.

SDLC inzira inotevedzwa kune yega yega Software purojekiti mune sangano resoftware. Mamaneja ekuvandudza maSoftware anoshandisa maSDLC kuratidza matanho akasiyana ebudiriro uye kuona kuti chikamu chega chega chinopedzwa nenguva uye nehurongwa chaihwo hwekuunza purojekiti zvakanaka sezvinobvira. Iyo Software Lifecycle (SDLC) inzira yakarongeka yekuvandudzwa kwayo uye inova nechokwadi chekujeka padanho rega rega rekuita uye chirongwa chakazara.

Uku kutevedzana patani maitiro uchishandisa SDLC, uko kufambira mberi kunoyerera pasi semapopoma uye kunosanganisira zvikamu zvakasiyana-siyana sezvinodiwa ongororo, kugona kudzidza, kuongorora, patani, kukodha, kuedza, kuisa, uye kugadzirisa. ISO / IEC 12207 inovavarira kuve chiyero chinotsanangura mabasa anodiwa pakuvandudza nekugadzirisa software.

Munguva iyi chikamu cheSDLC, iyo SDLC inotanga kutendeuka uye kuongorora zvinodiwa zve patani chirongwa chinozivikanwa se patani tsanangudzo. Chikwata chebvunzo chinotevera software yekuyedza lifecycle uye chinotanga bvunzo kuronga mushure mekupedzwa kwezvinodiwa ongororo. Kuvandudzwa kwekodhi uye kuyedzwa kunosimbisa mhedzisiro muchikamu chekushandisa zvichienderana nezvinodiwa.

Panguva ino, iyo encoding chaiyo inoitwa uye iyo kodhi inogadzirwa zvichibva pane patani tsanangudzo. Muchikamu chino, tinotanga kuvaka software uye kunyora kodhi yechigadzirwa. Muchikamu chechitatu, the patani gwaro reiyo system software inogadzirwa pamwe chete nezvakatsanangurwa.

Chinangwa chechikamu chino ndechekuona kuti sisitimu inoshanda maererano nezvinotsanangurwa muchikamu chekutanga. Chikamu chekuyedza chinomhanya mushure mechikamu chekuvandudza uye iyo Developers unofanirwa kugadzirisa chero zviputi zvinoitika panguva yekuyedzwa.

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