Discussion – 


Discussion – 


17 Sustainable Development Goals

Sustainable Development Goals
The Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs ) of the world are shared due to poverty, reducing inequality, and protecting the planet by 2030. The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDD) adopted by the United Nations in 2015 by member states provides a common blueprint for peace and prosperity in the future for people and the planet. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are the world’s best plan for building a better world for all people and our planet in 2030. 
The 17 Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs ) that were adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015 are a blueprint for a better, more sustainable world by 2030. The SDGs are an extended version of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that governed global action to reduce extreme poverty between 2000 and 2015. For the first time in history, the international community has been able to define a global, comprehensive agenda for sustainable development that includes social goals based on the Millennium Development Goals and environmental goals, following on from the Rio 1992 Declaration and subsequent COP summits. In September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (USADED), which includes the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.   
As a blueprint for a better, more sustainable future, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs ) address the global challenges we face including those relating to poverty, inequality, climate, and environmental degradation, prosperity, peace, and justice. According to the World Health Organization, non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart and respiratory diseases, cancer, stroke, and diabetes kill 32 million people each year, and every 0.9 seconds a person dies from a chronic disease or life-threatening disease.    
Its 17 Sustainable Development Goals build on and go beyond the achievements and targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to include new, interdependent challenges like climate change, economic inequality, sustainable consumption, peace, and justice. At ISGlobal, we work on projects that not only address SDG 3 (health and well-being) and other SDGs that impact health but also SDGs 9 (innovation), SDGs 10 (reducing inequality), 11 (sustainable cities), 13 (climate change mitigation) and 17 (partnerships between developing and developing countries). The Division of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) within the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) plays a key role in evaluating the systematic implementation of the 2030 Agenda by the United Nations and in the promotion and outreach related to the SDGs.    
The SDGs are an ambitious plan to promote peace and prosperity, eradicate poverty and protect the planet. They are widely recognized as indispensable for the future sustainability of the Earth. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals are as follows:

  1. No Poverty
  2. Zero Hunger
  3. Good Health and Well-being
  4. Quality Education
  5. Gender Equality
  6. Clean Water and Sanitation
  7. Affordable and Clean Energy
  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth
  9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
  10. Reduced Inequality
  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities
  12. Responsible Consumption and Production
  13. Climate Action
  14. Life Below Water
  15. Life on Land
  16. Peace and Justice Strong Institutions
  17. Partnerships to Achieve the Goal

As it turns out, SDG 1 (poverty) is synergetic with the other SDGs and will be on track by 2030. We can expect significant synergies between Objectives 3 (health), 7 (affordable clean energy), 8 (decent work and economic growth), and 9 (industry, innovation, and infrastructure).   
Eradicating poverty, strengthening the economy through deep-rooted innovation and modern infrastructure will continue to be the foundation on which many of the other SDGs will be achieved. Trade-offs between a strong SDG 11 (sustainable cities and municipalities) followed by SDG 14 (life, water, 16 (peace and justice) and strong institutions) and 17 (partnership goals) and 13 (climate protection) (e.g. The broad consensus that the SDGs are a one-stop-shop for governments, a framework for governments to develop policies and development assistance programs to end poverty and improve the lives of poor people and a rallying point for non-governmental organizations to hold governments accountable is the reason that the SDGs have been narrowed down. As a result, the institutional strategies for the 2020-2030 Sustainable Development Goals are expected to be adopted in 2021. UNESCO has helped to formulate the Education 2030 Agenda, which is summarised in SDG 4.    
The company participated in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Evaluation Tool developed by TRUCOST, a leading provider of carbon and environmental data and risk analysis, to help companies identify risks and opportunities in line with sustainability goals. The company is ranked first in the OpenODs Index, which evaluates the qualification, transparency, and fulfillment of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and achieves the maximum score in the three development phases of the Agenda 2030 (alignment, localization, implementation, and monitoring) of OpenOD (Open SDG system). The company works to prevent water pollution, which is a fundamental factor in ensuring public health.  


Goal 1 of Sustainable Development (SDG 1 or Global Goal 1), one of 17 Sustainable Development Goals that the United Nations has set in 2015, is called No Poverty. It focuses not only on people living in poverty, but also on the services on which they depend, and on social policies that promote and prevent poverty. Achieving SDG 1 involves finding solutions to new threats posed by climate change and conflict. That is why ending poverty in all its forms requires the participation of the entire world community. The eradication of poverty in all its forms remains one of the biggest challenges facing humanity. The reduction in extreme poverty since 1993 from 1.9 billion to 689 million people in just 27 years is one of the most powerful achievements. Indeed, the remarkable reduction in extreme poverty in recent decades has been one of the success stories of global development. 
More than 700 million people, or 10% of the world population, live in extreme poverty now – suffering to meet basic needs such as water, education, and access to water and sanitation to name a few. Since 1990, the number of poor people worldwide has halved. The share of international workers living in “extreme poverty” grew from 14% in 2010 to 7.8% in 2015 and 6.6% in 2019. An estimated 40-60 million people will be forced into extreme poverty, the first increase in global poverty in more than 20 years. In Sub-Saharan Africa, poverty will fall by a median of about half a year, and extreme poverty will be eradicated under the SDGs by 2040. Objective 12 aims at halving the proportion of the population living in poverty in each country in line with the national poverty line. At the same time, learners can learn about ways to reverse the situation and identify measures to support poverty reduction efforts. In the 1990 World Development Report, the World Bank tried to use a common standard for measuring extreme poverty: the average national poverty line for countries with the lowest per capita income, using exchange rates that fluctuate with market exchange rates. It does not capture income inequality between the poor or the depth of poverty. This exacerbates the crisis, increases political and social tensions, and can lead to all kinds of conflicts. At all levels, the aim is to raise students’ awareness of what they can do for themselves and their immediate environment. After improving in recent years from 3.6% in 1990 to 10% in 2015, the trend has slowed to 8.2% in 2019 after slowing in recent years. A-day line is based on a compilation of national lines from academic studies for 22 developing countries from the 1980s.

Zero Hunger

Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG 2) is a global goal [2] aimed at achieving zero hunger. Goal 2 aims to end hunger by 2030 through food security, improved nutrition, and the promotion of sustainable agriculture. The triple burden of malnutrition, malnutrition, hidden hunger and obesity threatens the survival, growth, and development of children and adolescents. Nourished children are better able to grow, learn and participate in their communities, and are more resilient to diseases, disasters, and other emergencies. Estimates for 2019 show that 690 million people, or 8.9 percent of the world’s population, will be starving in 2019. An estimated 821 million people were malnourished in 2017 due to environmental degradation, drought, and biodiversity loss. Another 795 million people are still undernourished, a figure that is expected to rise by a further 2 billion by 2050. The World Food Programme points out that 135 million people are suffering from acute famine caused by climate change, man-made conflicts, and economic downturns. The vast majority of the hungry live in developing countries where 12.9% of the population is undernourished. The WHO seeks to contribute to the conservation of ecosystems and to strengthen the capacity to adapt to climate change in the face of droughts, extreme weather, and other disasters.  Malnutrition and extreme hunger are major obstacles to sustainable development. Before the pandemic, the number of people suffering from hunger and food insecurity had increased since 2014. The pandemic has exacerbated the fragility and inadequacy of the global food system, adding hundreds of millions more people to the malnourished, leaving the goal of ending hunger a long way off. The COVID-19 pandemic will plunge another 83 to 132 million people into chronic hunger by 2020. 
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aim to end hunger and malnutrition through 2030 and ensure that everyone, especially children and the most vulnerable, has access to good and nutritious food throughout the year. Goal 2 states that by 2030 all people must achieve food security and end hunger and all forms of malnutrition. This can be achieved by doubling the agricultural productivity and incomes of small food producers, especially women and indigenous peoples, by ensuring sustainable food production systems and by improving soil and soil quality. In 2015, the world community adopted 17 global Sustainable Development Goals to improve people’s lives by 2030. 2030 targets are to end all forms of malnutrition including meeting the agreed targets for stunting and losing children under 5 by 2025 and addressing the nutritional needs of young people, girls, pregnant and nursing women, and elderly people. By 2030, agricultural productivity and incomes for small food producers should be improved, especially for women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, shepherds, and fishermen, including equal access to land and other productive resources, inputs, knowledge, financial services, market opportunities, value creation, and non-agricultural employment. Enable families, children, young people, and women to demand affordable and nutritious food. End hunger by 2030 by ensuring that all people, especially poor people and vulnerable people, including infants, have access to safe, nutritious, and adequate food throughout the year. Research data on children’s growth: the most widely accepted results in this area reflect the nutritional status of children. Overweight children are among the World Health Assembly’s nutrition targets. 
Today, one in four people in the world suffers from moderate to severe food insecurity, and one in eleven suffers from severe food insecurity. Climate change and natural disasters such as droughts, landslides, and floods also affect food security. The report from the State of Food Security and Nutrition 2020 estimates that an additional 80a130 million people could be malnourished by 2020, depending on the extent of economic shocks in individual countries. Malnutrition is expected to continue to increase during the COVID 19 pandemic. The World Bank uses the 2020 Covid-19 national longitudinal phone survey to track food insecurity in several countries. Danone is a world-leading food and beverage company dedicated to improving healthy and sustainable eating and drinking habits to bring health and nutrition to as many people as possible. We recognize the global, systemic, and enormous challenges we face as humankind tries to feed 9 billion people and natural ecosystems under pressure. The UN Women’s Law to End Hunger supports the role of women in food security as a cornerstone of food production and recycling. the support of the National Food Council, Sri Lanka is implementing a food security and nutrition investment program aimed at improving the nutritional situation of women and children in the poorest districts. Ecuador is building income opportunities for smallholders and local production units to improve local food production and enshrine better access to safe, affordable, and nutritious food.

Good Health and Well-being

There were 74 NCDs deaths in 2019. In 2019 an estimated 10 million people contracted tuberculosis (5.6% of adult men, 3.2% of adult women, and 1.2% of children) and 82% of people with HIV, the leading cause of death of single infectious agents. The incidence of tuberculosis decreased from 174 new cases and relapses for 100,000 inhabitants in 2000 to 130 in 2019 and the mortality rate among HIV-negative people decreased 45% over the same period despite the decline in tuberculosis. In 2019, global alcohol consumption measured in liters of pure alcohol per person aged 15 and over was 5.8 litres, a relative decrease of 5% from 6.1 litres in 2010. The global road accident mortality rate fell from 8.3 (18.1 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants in 2010) to 16.7 in 2019. The global suicide rate fell from 2.9 (13.0 deaths per 100,000 inhabitants in 2000) to 9.2 (2019). Between 2014 and 2019, the proportion of people who consider themselves healthy or very healthy increased by 1.3 percentage points. However, there are significant differences, with the number of healthy lives per year born in 2019 fluctuating by 20.2 per year between countries. The proportion of healthy people in good and good health also varies considerably between the Member States, from 84.0% to 46.2%. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the rate was 5.3 percent of live births in 2016. Maternal mortality in developing countries is 1.4 times higher than in developed countries, and in most developing countries, women in developing countries do not receive the public health they need.
The world is facing no other global health crisis than COVID-19, which has spread human suffering, destabilized the global economy, and turned the lives of billions of people across the globe upside down. We have made great progress in combating several of the most common causes of death and disease. Life expectancy has risen, infant and maternal mortality has fallen, and we have turned the tide against HIV and malaria, halving deaths. New threats from climate change, conflict, and food insecurity mean that more needs to be done to lift people out of poverty. Ending preventable deaths among newborns and children under 5 by 2030: countries should aim to reduce infant mortality to a low of 12 for 1,000 live births and to 25 for 1,000 live births among children under 5. And by 2030, end epidemics such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria, as well as neglected tropical diseases, and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases, and other invasive diseases. By 2030, one-third of premature deaths from non-communicable diseases will be reduced by preventing, treating, and promoting mental health and well-being.
Recognizing the interdependence between health and development, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer an ambitious and comprehensive action plan to bring prosperity to people and to the planet and end injustices that underlie poor health and development outcomes. Goal 3 aims to end preventable deaths in newborns by 5% and to end epidemics such as HIV, tuberculosis, malaria and water-borne diseases. Progress has already been made in improving the access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, and polio, and reducing the spread of HIV / AIDS. It aims to ensure health and well-being for all, including a courageous commitment to end epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and other infectious diseases by 2030. Our corporate mission of bringing health and nutrition to as many people as possible is consistent with our commitment to social progress and we strive to promote healthy eating and drinking habits at all stages of life, beginning in early childhood. As a global company with more than 100,000 employees in 57 countries, we believe that our mission in health begins with how we support the health and well-being of our employees. A sufficient supply of nutrients is essential to ensure the good physical and mental development of young children. Ensuring that mothers and children receive adequate nutrition within a 1,000-day window pays off throughout their lives and feeds children who are protected from disease and are more likely to perform well at school. 


Anurag Rastogi


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